E. Ruth Anderson: Contemporary American Composers
(Boston: G. K. Hall, 1976, 2/1982).

ASCAP Biographical Dictionary, 4th ed.
(New York: R. R. Bowker Co., 1980).

David Ewen: American Composers: A Biographical Dictionary
(N. Y. Putnam, 1982).

Who's Who in American Music: Classical (Bowker, N. Y. 1983)

Neil Butterworth: A Dictionary of American Composers,
(Garland Publications, New York, 1984)

New Grove Dictionary of American Music; H. Wiley Hitchcock and Stanley Sadie, Eds. (Macmillan Press, Ltd. N. Y., London, 1986).

The New Grove Dictionary of Opera; Stanley Sadie, Ed.
(Macmillan Press Ltd. N. Y., London, 1992).

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 8th ed.
Nicolas Slonimsky, Ed. (G. Schirmer Inc. 1992)

International Who's Who in Music and Musicians Directory, 9th ed.;
Adrian Gaster, Ed. (Cambridge, England).

Who's Who in the Midwest, 19th ed.
(Marquis Who's Who, Chicago, 1984).

Men of Achievement, 11th ed.
(International Biographical Centre. Cambridge, England, 1984).

Ann McCutchan, The Muse That Sings: Composers speak about
the creative process: (Amadeus Press, Portland, OR. 1998)

Eric Stokes talking with Vincent Plush (1982) in Oral History Project,
American Music Series, Vivian Perliss, Director, School of Music,
Yale University